Ethics and Malpractice
Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice
These guidelines are based on existing Elsevier policies.
The LEADERSHIP, SOCIETY, STRATEGIC VISIONS Series follows the codes of conduct and international standards established by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) which are available at http://publicationethics.org/
Duties of Editors:
- To evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
- To base their decisions to accept or reject a paper for publication upon the paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and its relevance to the remit of the journal.
- To support initiatives designed to reduce research and publication misconduct.
- maintain the integrity of the academic record.
- To protect the confidentiality of individual information obtained in the course of research or professional interactions and not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, potential reviewers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
- To ensure that unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript will be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.
- To assess the effects of their journal policies on author and reviewer behaviour and revising policies, as required, to encourage responsible behaviour and discourage misconduct. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior must be looked into, even if it is discovered after publication.
(These guidelines are based on existing Elsevier policies and COPE‟s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. For more details, please visit: http://publicationethics.org/files/u2/New_Code.pdf)
Duties of Authors:
- To ensure that they have written entirely original works and it has not been either published elsewhere or submitted concurrently to more than one publication.
- To present their results honestly and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation.
- To describe their methods and present their findings clearly and unambiguously.
- Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others and clearly indicate the data, text, figures or ideas originated by other researchers. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
- To check their publications carefully at all stages concerning calculations, data presentations, typescripts/submissions and proofs to ensure that methods and findings are reported accurately.
- It is the authors’ obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher if they discover an error in any submitted, accepted or published work and to cooperate for correcting the paper.
- To disclose all sources of research funding, including direct and indirect financial support, supply of equipment or materials, and other support (such as specialist statistical or writing assistance).
(These guidelines are based on existing Elsevier policies and COPE‟s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. For more details, please visit: https://publicationethics.org/files/International standards_authors_for website_11_Nov_2011.pdf)
Duties of Reviewers:
- To agree to review only manuscripts for which they have the subject expertise required to carry out a proper assessment.
- To provide journals with personal and professional information that is accurate and a true representation of their expertise.
- To treat any manuscript received for review as a confidential document. It must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
- To avoid using information obtained during the peer-review process for their own or any other person’s or organization’s advantage, or to disadvantage or discredit others.
- To be objective and constructive in their reviews. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
- To refrain from allowing their reviews to be influenced by the origins of a manuscript, by the nationality, religious or political beliefs, gender or other characteristics of the authors, or by commercial considerations.
- To identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors; to call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
- To declare all potential conflicting interests, seeking advice from the journal if they are unsure whether something constitutes a relevant interest.
(These guidelines are based on existing Elsevier policies and COPE‟s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. For more details, please visit: http://publicationethics.org/files/Ethical_guidelines_for_peer_reviewers_0.pdf)